What’s a CPAP Machine, and How Does It Work?

CPAP Machine

A continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) machine is the most generally recommended device for treating sleep apnea disorders.

Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) causes cutout or pauses in your breathing, generally because your throat or airways briefly collapse or something temporarily blocks them.

A CPAP machine sends a continuous flow of oxygen into your nose and mouth as you sleep. This keeps your airways open and helps you breathe consistently.

Let’s know the pros and cons of machines and how machines work or another option for sleep apnea.

How does a CPAP machine work? 

A CPAP machine’s compressor (engine) makes a normal stream of compressed air that moves through an air-channel into an adaptable tubing. This tube conveys sanitized air into a mask that is fixed around your nose or mouth.

As you rest, the airstream from the CPAP machine pushes against any blockages, opening your airway routes so your lungs get proper oxygen. 

Without anything deterring this progression of oxygen, your breathing doesn’t stop. Therefore, you don’t awaken more than once to continue breathing.

There are different types of CPAP machines?

CPAP machines all have the same basic factor:

  • a motor housed in a base unit
  • a soften mask
  • A hosepipe that connects the motor to the mask
  • a frame headgear
  • “elbow” items that act as joints
  • Flexible strips that allow you to customize the fit to the device

Different mask types

Mask styles can fluctuate with various CPAP machines. Which type you wear depends to some extent on your breathing propensities, how agreeable the cover is for you to wear, and the sort of Sleep apnea issue you have.

The various types of CPAP masks include the following: 

Nasal pillow mask. This sort of mask has a little cushion that covers over your nose region. It might likewise have a cushion that fits into your nose. You can wear your spax without any problem. It additionally functions admirably on the off chance that you have heaps of beard growth that might keep a bigger size mask from fitting cozily. 

Nasal Mask. This sort is a cushioned mask that covers your entire nose region. It could be a superior choice in the event that you will in general move around in your sleep. It can convey a high-pressure airstream. 

Full face mask. This sort is molded like a triangle and covers your mouth and nose. Your primary care physician may endorse this sort of mask on the off chance that you inhale through your mouth when you rest or on the other hand in the event that you have a blockage or the like in your nose.

Difference between APAP, CPAP, and BiPAP machines?

Different types of breathing machines include APAP and BiPAP machines. Here’s the manner by which they are different: 

CPAP machine. (Continuous positive airway pressure) This machine is modified to deliver compressed air at one consistent pneumatic force level. To change the pneumatic force, you need to reset the gadget’s settings.

APAP (Automatic positive airflow pressure) machine. This benevolent actually takes a look at your breathing for the duration of the evening. It naturally changes the pneumatic stress to make up for changes in your rest position or meds that might have changed your breathing. 

BiPAP (Bi-level positive airflow pressure). This gadget has two tension settings, one strain for breathing in and a lower strain for breathing out. It’s utilized for people who can’t endure CPAP machines or have raised carbon dioxide levels in their blood. ​BiPAP machines can likewise accompany a reinforcement respiratory rate for patients who have central sleep apnea. The reinforcement respiratory rate guarantees the individual inhales, as the fundamental issue with central sleep apnea is starting breath.

Pros and cons of using a CPAP machine?

Similarly, as with many sorts of treatment, there are advantages and downsides related to the utilization of a CPAP machine. The following are the pros and cons of using a CPAP machine.


The advantages of utilizing a CPAP machine are all around recorded. These machines convey a constant supply of oxygen to your body as you sleep. Thusly, they assist with forestalling the short breathing interferences that are the sign of sleep apnea.

Pros of using a CPAP machine

  • improves your strength to sleep without waking up
  • brings down your risk of having a heart attack, stroke, or another cardiovascular event.
  • helps bring down your BP (blood pressure)
  • daytime tiredness reduces 
  • may reduce cholesterol and levels of blood glucose 


A CPAP machine can assist with avoiding breathing interferences when you sleep, there are likewise downsides to this gadget. Certain individuals quit utilizing CPAP machines because of the incidental effects.

Cons of using a CPAP machine

  • Uneasiness and troubles in falling asleep, particularly in the beginning.
  • a sensation of claustrophobia or tension 
  • nasal clog 
  • Dryness in  mouth 
  • nosebleeds 
  • skin disturbance or injuries where the mask contacts the face 
  • a sensation of being swollen with air

Other options for sleep apnea

In view of their disadvantages, CPAP gadgets don’t work for each individual with sleep apnea. 

If you note that the CPAP machine doesn’t function admirably for you, converse with your medical services supplier regarding whether one of these therapy alternatives may be a choice:

  • Changing dozing position. Certain individuals possibly experience sleep apnea when they rest on their back. A couple of things help to hold you on your side by the interface you back from turning over. You could likewise attempt basically binds a tennis ball to the rear of your sleepwear. 
  • Oral machines. Gadgets like a mouthguard or an orthodontic retainer can assist with keeping your airway routes open by putting pressure on your tongue. 
  • Hypoglossal nerve incitement. This surgically embedded gadget conveys exact electric improvements to the nerves in your airway routes. This works on the muscle tone of your airway routes which, thus, assists your airway route remains open.
  • Neural incitement. In the event that you have particular sorts of central sleep apnea, a surgically embedded gadget can convey impulses through your phrenic nerve (which runs from your neck to your stomach) to invigorate your stomach. These aides start breathing while you’re sleeping. 
  • Dietary and exercise treatments. Weight is a danger factor for certain sorts of sleep apnea. Changing your eating regimen and exercising all the more frequently may assist you with getting more fit and losing weight the seriousness of your manifestations. 
  • Medical surgery procedure. A few kids have apnea on the grounds that their tonsils or adenoids are too huge. Medical procedures to eliminate them can regularly resolve the apnea. In grown-ups, medical procedure isn’t generally as successful on the grounds that it tends to be hard to pinpoint the area of the blockage that causes rest apnea. In any case, a few medical procedures — quite uvulopalatopharyngoplasty (UPPP) and altered radiofrequency tissue removal (MRTA) — have worked for certain individuals.


CPAP machines treat sleep apnea by conveying a surge of oxygenated air into your airway routes through a mask and a tube. The compressed air keeps your airway routes from falling, which permits you to inhale constantly while you sleep

There are a few types of CPAP machines. Which one your medical services supplier endorses for you will rely upon the sort of sleep apnea you have, how comfortable it is for you to wear, and what breathing and dozing habits you have. 

While a CPAP machine conveys an airstream at one consistent pressure, BiPAP and APAP machines change the strain as indicated by your requirements.

CPAP machines are awkward for certain individuals. If a CPAP gadget doesn’t function admirably for you, converse with your medical services supplier about other therapy choices that might assist with keeping your airway routes open while you sleep.

What is an oxygen concentrator? How can we use it?

An oxygen concentrator is a respiratory care device that gives you additional oxygen. Mainly it can concentrate Oxygen from ambient air and removing nitrogen. Your doctor might endorse one for you in the event that you have a medical issue that causes your oxygen level to drop excessively low. 
It can assist some with peopling who experience difficulty breathing because of conditions like: 
Asthma Cellular breakdown in the lungs, COPD, Flue, Coronavirus. 

You need to get your doctor’s OK before you purchase or utilize an oxygen concentrator. Utilizing one without their direction or a remedy can be hazardous. In the event that the specialist thinks a concentrator may be ideal for you, they’ll let you know how much oxygen to take and how long to utilize the gadget.

How Can It Work? 

An oxygen concentrator isn’t exactly the same as an oxygen tank, conveying fluid or gas oxygen. All things considered, the concentrator is a machine that pulls noticeably all around you and channels out the nitrogen. 

A flimsy cylinder runs from the gadget to your face, giving you cleansed oxygen through two open prongs beneath your noses. Certain individuals utilize a facemask to get a higher focus and stream of oxygen. 

Concentrators are mainly two types: The first one is a portable oxygen concentrator which we can carry out with us on the go, Second one is a bigger model which we can use at home.

How Do I Use an at-Home Unit?

Your primary care physician may require this for you on the off chance that you need stable oxygen while you’re in your home or dozing. It begins on power, so you need to keep it connected constantly for it to work appropriately. Read to the gadget’s guidelines on the most proficient method to utilize and keep up with it. The specialist will listen for a minute level to set the oxygen stream rate to – that is the number of liters each moment. Try not to change the rate your primary care physician proposes except if they advise you to. 

These changes could help the concentrator turn out better for you: 

Add a humidifier. On the off chance that the additional oxygen you get dries out your nose, you might have the option to join a humidifier jug to the unit. You fill it with refined water, and it causes the oxygen to inhale moisture. 

Extend the tubing. With a hose connection, you can expand the cylinder that runs from the machine to your nose by up to 50 feet. On the off chance that you do this, be mindful so as not to stumble on the hose while you stroll around.

Instructions to Clean Your Concentrator 

You’ll have to give your concentrator gear an ordinary cleaning. 
Tubing or facemask. Wash once per week with warm water and a gentle dish cleanser. Clean it all the more regularly in the event that you become ill. Allow it to air dry, and don’t allow water to get in the cylinder. On the off chance that the tubing looks harmed, get a substitution from your oxygen provider. 

Humidifier bottle. In the event that you utilize one, clean it like clockwork with warm water and a gentle dish cleanser. Wash it with high temp water. Likewise, you can absorb a blend of vinegar and water for a couple of moments to get out any extra microbes. Dry the container with a paper towel, then, at that point air dry it. 

Concentrator channel. Clean it one time per month. Take it out and dunk it into a spotless holder that is loaded up with water and a gentle dish cleanser. Scour with a washcloth to dispose of any soil or residue, then, at that point flush, it submerged to eliminate any cleanser buildup. Lay the channel on a dry, clean towel and let it air dry totally before you set it back in the concentrator.

How Do I Use a Portable Unit? 

This small portable concentrator works correspondingly to the at-home form, no one but you can utilize it outside and in your vehicle. It runs on a battery-powered battery. The gadget fits in a pack that you convey with a handle or with a sling that goes behind you, among different choices. 

Compact concentrators give you oxygen by “beat portion,” which means the oxygen turns out in little blasts each time you breathe in. A few models can likewise give you oxygen at a consistent stream rate. Converse with your primary care physician to ensure that you’re getting the perfect measure of oxygen from one or the other setting. 

Follow the entirety of your primary care physician’s bearings and the directions that accompanied your gadget. You’ll likewise need to: 

Convey an additional battery. Despite the fact that your gadget’s showcase board should disclose to you how much battery life is left, acquire an extra with you in case you will not be back home for some time. 

Clean your stuff routinely. Wash the tubing or facemask once every week with warm water and a gentle dish cleanser. Clean them all the more regularly in the event that you become ill. Allow them to air dry, and don’t allow water to get in the cylinder. On the off chance that the tubing looks harmed, get a substitution from your oxygen provider. Adhere to the producer’s directions on the most proficient method to clean the channel. 

What Safety Measures Should I Take? 

To guard you and your friends and family when you utilize your oxygen concentrator: 

Never utilize any sort of oxygen gadget close to an open fire or while smoking. 

Keep the gadget in an open space. This makes it doubtful to break or overheat. 

Try not to obstruct any vents on the concentrator. That makes it harder for it to take care of its work. 

In the event that your device signals or sounds a caution, actually take a look at the user manual. It could mean something’s incorrect, and you’ll need to ensure you’re getting the perfect measure of oxygen. 

Additionally, never purchase an oxygen concentrator that is being sold without a remedy. Those aren’t endorsed by the FDA. Utilizing a concentrator without medicine or your PCP’s direction could prompt hazardous medical issues, such as getting too little oxygen – or getting lung harm from a lot of oxygen. It could likewise postpone you from seeking treatment for conditions like COVID-19.

What Safety Measures Should I Take? 

To protect you and your friends and family when you utilize your oxygen concentrator: 

Never utilize any sort of oxygen gadget close to an open fire or while smoking. 

Keep the gadget in an open space. This makes it doubtful to break or overheat. 

Try not to hinder any vents on the concentrator. That makes it harder for it to manage its work. 

On the off chance that your gadget blares or sounds an alert, actually, take a look at the guidance manual. It could mean something’s incorrect, and you’ll need to ensure you’re getting the perfect measure of oxygen. 

Additionally, never purchase an oxygen concentrator that is being sold without a remedy. Those aren’t endorsed by the FDA. Utilizing a concentrator without medicine or your PCP’s direction could prompt hazardous medical issues, such as getting too little oxygen – or getting lung harm from a lot of oxygen. It could likewise postpone you from seeking treatment for conditions like COVID-19.

When Should I Call the Doctor? 

In the event that you notice changes in your breathing or oxygen levels. Likewise call the specialist on the off chance that you have side effects of COVID-19, as: 

Trouble breathing


Fever & chill

Muscle or body aches


Once more, don’t change your gadget’s oxygen levels except if your doctor advises you to.

Having trouble breathing?

It’s tough to make better of life except you’re able to breathe correctly. If you are faced with difficulty in breathing, it is a good idea to put your finger on the problem as soon as you can.

Understanding whether you are experiencing something as innocuous as the common cold or as hazardous as heart failure can be challenging. We will help you expose the facts about your situation with secure advice from a variety of internationally recognized sources. Where should you begin?

Start with analyzing the trigger.

If you feel that you are not getting sufficient air, don’t ignore it. If it begins right after exhausting physical activity, stress, exposure to dust, and a stuffed nose, it is likely to be a mild situation that still requires medical attention. However, if you notice severe chest discomfort and shortness of breath in sudden spells, it might be a pre-indication to a serious disorder. Mostly, a serious breathing condition is a result of some kind of lung, airway, or heart inconsistency.

Asthma: Symptoms include gasping, coughing, and tightness of the chest. This is caused by inflammation of the airways.

Bronchitis: Associated with constant cough, fever, sore throat, wheezing, and chest tightening, bronchitis, this condition is caused by irritability to the bronchial tubes.

Pneumonia: Reveal by chest pain, shortness of breath, muscle ache, and coughing, pneumonia is the issue of a kind of bacterial infection of the lungs.

Sleep Apnea: Generally indicated by loud snoring, choking during sleep, lack of concentration, and extreme laziness during daytime. It affects blockage of the airway during sleep causing breathing pauses.

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD):

The signal includes chronic cough, fatigue, wheezing, headaches, and chest tightness. COPD is a combo of progressive lung diseases which make breathing ambitious over time.

Pulmonary Embolism: Another serious problem with signs such as excessive sweating, unusual heart rate, chest pain, wheezing, and in some cases, swelling of a body part such as a leg. Occurs when a blood clot travels from a body part to a lung avenue resulting in unobtrusive oxygen supply among other problems.

Heart Diseases: Conditions related to the heart mostly caused by artery damage, anatomical defects, and heart rate disorders may also cause harsh breathing problems.

Epiglottitis: Typical signals involve the mouth salivate, difficulty in absorption, intense throat soreness, particular breathing pattern, and sounds. In a medical emergency in most cases, epiglottitis affects swelling of the epiglottis, a tissue that binds the windpipe.

What to do in case you’re facing these indications?

Notice the above syndrome does not necessarily mean that you’re suffering from one of the listed disorders but it’s imperative to seek expert medical mediation without delay. Your doctor will audit you, study your symptoms and ask a few questions before charting a determined course of action. And if treated crucial by your physician, some tests such as chest X-ray, CT scan, pulse oximetry, pulmonary function testing, and blood tests will help in diagnosing and treating your case more accurately.

Treatment Options

Altering Lifestyle: Not all respiratory problems require medication. Your breathing trouble might be a result of an allergic reaction which might get sober just by avoiding exposure to trouble, wearing a mask, and decrease dust build-up around yourself. Meditation and exercise might also result to be quite beneficial in case of stress and anxiety-induced respiratory problems

Reducing Weight: Some breathing circumstances are tightly linked with being overweight. With a realistic weight loss plan under the guidance of your physician, it is possible to treat a few respiratory disorders. In particular, weight control can prove to be highly useful for sleep apnea patients

Further Diagnostic Testing:

Ask your doctor for a sleep test. These tests collect data on breathing diagrams and concurrent critical signs through overnight sleep lab visits or homestays. The results may suggest you are an applicant for a particular device such as an APA, CPAP, or in intense cases such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), long term oxygen therapies


There are different highly advanced medications advanced to treat or manage all kinds of respiratory difficulties. If it’s a mild condition create by some kind of allergy, your doctor is likely to define decongestants, inhale steroids, and antihistamines which will help take down the inflammation of the airways. And if your condition is a serious problem combine with your lungs or heart, then the doctors will order medications or respiratory support equipment dependent on your unique needs. In the case of chronic problems or diseases which have no cure, the healthcare provider’s primary focus is to keep the impact to a minimum and ensuring a decent quality of life.


For severe conditions, surgery may be the right decision to relieve you of symptoms from blockages, and adjust the size of the airway may be compulsory in order to clear the blockage

How can you minimize the risk of developing a breathing problem?

Damage done to the complex mechanism of the lungs is quite often irreversible. It is important to know how you can defend them and reduce the risk of expanding a breathing problem. Here are things you can do:

  • Getting medical care as soon as you detect warning signs
  • Don’t do smoking
  • Maintain your weight under control
  • Avoiding risk to irritants and dust
  • Consolidate lung-related exercise into your workout regiment

In addition, it is desirable to try finding out from your physician if your mild breathing distress requires the use of any respiratory support device as avoidance. Products such as CPAP, BiPAP, or oxygen concentrators not only play a vital role in managing and treating respiratory disease, but they can also help in preventing one if exposed at an early stage.

Diagnosing sleep apnea

Diagnosing sleep apnea can now be done at home using a small unobtrusive monitor which measures snoring, blood oxygen levels, and contraction in the air absorption when breathing.

Snoring is a sign of blockage and 70% of people who repeatedly snore also have some amount of sleep apnea.

Man sleeping wearing an apnealink sleep monitoring device from SleepWise Clinic
Diagnosed sleep apnea.

How is sleep apnea diagnosed?

If your doctor disposes of that you have symptoms of sleep apnea, you may be asked to have a sleep valuation with a sleep specialist or may order an overnight sleep study to neutrally evaluate for sleep apnea.

  • Testing cover an overnight sleep study called a polysomnogram (PSG). A PSG observes in a sleep laboratory under the direct guidance of a trained technologist. During the test, such as the electrical activity of the brain, a mixture of body functions, muscle activity, eye movements, heart rate, airflow, breathing patterns, and blood oxygen levels are recorded at night during sleep. After the study is completed, the number of times breathing is defective during sleep is register and the harshness of the sleep apnea is indexed.
  • For adults, a Home Sleep Test (HST) can sometimes be performed alternative. This is an altered type of sleep study that can be done in the pleasure of home. It records some body functions other than PSG, counting airflow, blood oxygen levels, breathing effort, and snoring to confirm a diagnosis of tolerance to severe obstructive sleep apnea.

An HST is not applicable to be used as a screening tool for patients without symptoms. It’s not using for patients with serious medical issues (such as neuromuscular disease or moderate to severe pulmonary disease, to severe cardiac disease, heart failure, ). It’s also not used for patients who have other sleep anarchy (such as central sleep apnea, restless legs syndrome, insomnia, circadian rhythm disorders, parasomnias, or narcolepsy) in addition to the suspected obstructive sleep apnea.

If you already have been diagnosed with Obstructive Sleep Apnea

If you are using an oral appliance it’s great that your snoring has stopped and you are feeling refreshed however you need to get objective evidence to know it’s working fully in getting rid of your sleep apnea. We can organize a sleep study while using the appliance in order to measure its effectiveness.  If you do not penetrate treatment now is the time to start. Oral equipment and CPAP are the two proven treatments with oral gadgets far more comfortable.

If you have not had a sleep study

The objective of the sleep study is not just to analyze the presence of sleep apnea but most importantly to resolve the harshness. The severity of sleep apnea is important for choosing the best treatment. It is also important to know the harshness when adjusting oral equipment in order to get optimal results.

To discover whether a comfortable, custom-fit oral appliance from SleepWise Clinic could provide relief for your sleep apnea or snoring, contact Rudraksha Healthcare today or make a booking online for an appointment for the best sleep study in Chandigarh.

Snore, Is it Mean I Have Sleep Apnea?

If you just expose that you snore during your sleep, you may doubt if it’s a symptom of something more serious—sleep apnea. Since three-quarters of extreme snorers do have this condition, it is a valid question. Thanks to better research and attention, sleep apnea—and its serious problem has come to the attention of the Indian public.

If i snore is its mean sleep apnea?
Snore, Does This Mean I Have Sleep Apnea?

Exactly, it is worth a visit to your healthcare provider to find out. After all, if you do have the situation, it puts you at risk for heart problems, strokes, accidents, high blood pressure, and Diabetes. Moreover, it can make you exhausted during the day, affecting your mood at home and your capacity at work.

Sleep Apnea or Snoring? How to Know.

Snoring appears when your upper airway diminishes during sleep when some of the tissues relax and drop down, moderately blocking your air passage. As the air passes through the diminishes passage, it vibrates the loose tissues and causes the distinctive sounds of snoring.

With sleep apnea, though, you stop breathing a few times during the night. In serious cases, these incidents can be as constant as 80 times per hour. If you sleep in the same room as your partner or a roommate, ask them if they notice any cases in which you stop breathing. If so, make a consultation with your healthcare provider for a sleep study as soon as possible.

If you don’t have anybody who can monitor you as you sleep, it would still be in your best interest to learn if it is sleep apnea that causes your snoring. You can still have sleep apnea even if you don’t notice any interrupt in your breathing as you sleep. That’s exclusively true if you often feel tired during the daytime. Daytime weakness is one of the main signals that your snoring may be due to sleep apnea.

Other risk causes include sleeping on your back, smoking, or being overweight. If you have one of these risks causes, it pays to endure a sleep study. That’s the only way you can know for sure if sleep apnea is the cause of your snoring.

After Your Sleep Apnoea Diagnosis.

Once you receive a diagnosis of sleep apnea, tell your healthcare specialist the best way to survive this health issue. The good news? In most cases, sleep apnea is easy to treat.

The effective, yet often uncomfortable CPAP.

If you have a serious case of sleep apnea, your healthcare specialist may recommend a CPAP (continuous positive airway pressure) device. This machine builds quiet air pressure inside your throat as you sleep, Avoid the tissues inside your throat from cut off your airway. CPAP devices use a nose mask or a face mask connected to the machine to deliver the air. Many patients, however, find these pieces of equipment extremely uncomfortable—and therefore will not wear them, despite the distinct health benefits.

There is, however, another solution.

Custom-made oral devices deliver comfortable relief for most sleep apnea patients

With all cases of sleep apnea, especially if someone can’t use a CPAP machine, patients can experience complete relief with simple dental equipment.

This Australian-made equipment fits right in your mouth. As you sleep, the equipment gently pushes your tongue and lower jaw forward to clear your airway. With this equipment, the relaxed tissues at the back of your throat can’t destruction into your airway—even when they totally lose during deep sleep.

It’s a game-changer for the public all over the world who’ve used it. Unlike other oral equipment, it’s custom-made to the curve of your mouth, so it’s far more comfortable than invasive CPAP devices or other oral devices.

Designed to fit the exact curve of your mouth using three-dimensional CAD/CAM design software, this appliance won’t rub or create irritability as do many oral devices. It uses cutting-edge automation and high-quality acrylic ingredient to provide the ultimate in comfort. Literally, you’ll be able to talk, to close and open your mouth and lips when you wear it.

After you receive your device, you will receive a follow-up guide throughout your treatment to make sure everything is working according to your cure plan.

Furthermore, this equipment is the best available treatment for non-sleep apnea-related snoring. If your partner or your household can’t sleep because of your loud snoring, it pays to check out whether this equipment may help bring better sleep for everyone at your home.

Lifestyle changes can help

Finally, in addition to your oral devices, you can also benefit from lifestyle changes. If you need to lose weight, reduce alcohol consumption, or change your sleeping position, these steps can have a major impact on people with sleep apnea. Even if they cannot completely resolve the condition, they can supplement other treatments to give you a good night’s sleep.

To find out whether’s comfortable and personalized oral devices can relieve your sleep apnea or snoring, please contact us immediately or make an appointment with Rudraksha Healthcare for a sleep study or respiratory care products for your better cure.